Printing Methods

Relief Printing

Relief Printing
In all relief printing it is the raised parts of the printing surface which is inked.

Direct Printing
Dried leaves, bark, textured wall paper; fabrics can all be inked up and printed directly.  No drawing, no fuss!

Wood Blocks
This is possibly one of the oldest methods of reproduction.  Hand printed seals and stamp decorations on metal and bricks appear in the East BC.  There is evidence of textile block prints in both China and India from around sixth to eighth centuries AD.

Lino Cut
As in other relief techniques areas of the lino are cut away and the remaining raised surface is rolled with ink and printed.  To make a ‘reduction’ print – several pulls are made from the first cut on the lino.  The second cut removes the areas which are to remain in the first colour used.  It is more successful to start with the lightest colour on your design and with progressive cuts work toward the darkest colours.  Lino can be printed on an etching press but registering successive reductions are not always satisfactory.  It is better to use a Relief Press such as an Albion or Columbian.  Single or multi block prints can be printed very well without a press using a baren (traditional Japanese burnisher made from bamboo).  Many printmakers use nothing more sophisticated than the back of a wooden spoon to burnish.